Krystal Nanan

Krystal is a civil engineer and project manager with an MSc in Construction Engineering and Management. Her experience includes the project management of major infrastructure projects, construction supervision, and the design of various infrastructure elements including roadway, pavement, traffic safety elements and drainage. Krystal is also a published author with the Transportation Research Board in Washington, D.C.

Articles by Krystal Nanan


Hot-dip vs Cold Galvanizing: What’s the Difference? Hot-dip vs Cold Galvanizing: What’s the Difference? Hot-dip vs Cold Galvanizing: What’s the Difference? Hot-dip vs Cold Galvanizing: What’s the Difference?


There are two main methods for galvanizing steel: hot-dip galvanizing and cold galvanizing. This article looks at these two galvanizing...

How Galvanic Corrosion Can Be Used for Good How Galvanic Corrosion Can Be Used for Good How Galvanic Corrosion Can Be Used for Good How Galvanic Corrosion Can Be Used for Good


There are instances where galvanic corrosion can be used to benefit specific applications. This article describes the situations where this...

5 Ways to Avoid Galvanic Corrosion 5 Ways to Avoid Galvanic Corrosion 5 Ways to Avoid Galvanic Corrosion 5 Ways to Avoid Galvanic Corrosion


Preventing galvanic corrosion involves applying countermeasures early in the design phase. Understanding the mechanisms involved in this...

A Look at Self-Healing Metal Oxides as a Corrosion Prevention Method A Look at Self-Healing Metal Oxides as a Corrosion Prevention Method A Look at Self-Healing Metal Oxides as a Corrosion Prevention Method A Look at Self-Healing Metal Oxides as a Corrosion Prevention Method


Self-healing oxides are efficient at protecting metal surfaces due to their ability to flow and elongate as the coated metal deforms, thus...

Pitting Corrosion in Oil and Gas Wells and Pipelines Pitting Corrosion in Oil and Gas Wells and Pipelines Pitting Corrosion in Oil and Gas Wells and Pipelines Pitting Corrosion in Oil and Gas Wells and Pipelines


The hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide gases responsible for pitting are most commonly encountered in the oil and gas sector. For this...

How New Oil & Gas Extraction and Transportation Methods are Influencing Pipeline Corrosion How New Oil & Gas Extraction and Transportation Methods are Influencing Pipeline Corrosion How New Oil & Gas Extraction and Transportation Methods are Influencing Pipeline Corrosion How New Oil & Gas Extraction and Transportation Methods are Influencing Pipeline Corrosion


Advanced oil and gas extraction techniques are used to help increase the efficiency of extraction and transportation. These techniques have...

polyethylene plastic bag for VCI polyethylene plastic bag for VCI polyethylene plastic bag for VCI polyethylene plastic bag for VCI


Volatile corrosion inhibitors (VCIs) are used to provide corrosion protection to metal components in enclosed areas during long-term...

quenching metal steel quenching metal steel quenching metal steel quenching metal steel


The quenching of metals is used in the manufacture of various types of steel. The metallurgical processes involved in quenching can enhance...

Rockwell hardness scale test indenter Rockwell hardness scale test indenter Rockwell hardness scale test indenter Rockwell hardness scale test indenter


Knowing the hardness of materials is extremely useful as it assists in the selection of appropriate materials for specific applications....

6 Ways to Measure Fluid Viscosity 6 Ways to Measure Fluid Viscosity 6 Ways to Measure Fluid Viscosity 6 Ways to Measure Fluid Viscosity


Viscosity is an important fluid property that is essential for products in various industries. Dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity...

How Hot Shortness and Welding Affect Corrosion in Metals How Hot Shortness and Welding Affect Corrosion in Metals How Hot Shortness and Welding Affect Corrosion in Metals How Hot Shortness and Welding Affect Corrosion in Metals


Hot shortness is a welding defect that can cause cracking of the metal surface as it cools. These cracks can serve as breeding grounds for...

Metal bridge with corrosion being repaired Metal bridge with corrosion being repaired Metal bridge with corrosion being repaired Metal bridge with corrosion being repaired


The stress concentration factor (Kt) gives a clear indication of the amount of overstress at a specified location, which is used by...

buried pipeline in corrosive soil buried pipeline in corrosive soil buried pipeline in corrosive soil buried pipeline in corrosive soil


Soil corrosion is a phenomenon that involves a number of complex chemical reactions that range widely in rate and severity depending on the...

Why Do Two Dissimilar Metals Cause Corrosion? Why Do Two Dissimilar Metals Cause Corrosion? Why Do Two Dissimilar Metals Cause Corrosion? Why Do Two Dissimilar Metals Cause Corrosion?


Contact between dissimilar metals can be detrimental and result in bimetallic corrosion (also known as galvanic corrosion). This type of...

leaking copper water pipe leaking copper water pipe leaking copper water pipe leaking copper water pipe


Copper is classified as a noble metal due to its reluctance to corrode; however it has been wrongly characterized as corrosion-proof and...

5 Things to Know and Understand About Titanium Corrosion 5 Things to Know and Understand About Titanium Corrosion 5 Things to Know and Understand About Titanium Corrosion 5 Things to Know and Understand About Titanium Corrosion


Titanium is best regarded for two characteristics in particular: excellent corrosion resistance and a relatively high strength-to-density...

How Metallic Coatings Protect Metals from Corrosion How Metallic Coatings Protect Metals from Corrosion How Metallic Coatings Protect Metals from Corrosion How Metallic Coatings Protect Metals from Corrosion


Metals such as steel are prone to corrosion. Here we examine the science behind the metallic coatings that protect against corrosion.

Top 5 Applications for Ceramic Coatings Top 5 Applications for Ceramic Coatings Top 5 Applications for Ceramic Coatings Top 5 Applications for Ceramic Coatings


The versatility of ceramic coatings makes them a viable alternative to traditional organic paints. In some cases, ceramic coatings offer...

All About Pitting Corrosion All About Pitting Corrosion All About Pitting Corrosion All About Pitting Corrosion


Pitting corrosion, although relatively small in size, can result in catastrophic failures in a variety of structures. Its unpredictability...

Understanding and Preventing Fretting Corrosion Damage in Electrical Devices Understanding and Preventing Fretting Corrosion Damage in Electrical Devices Understanding and Preventing Fretting Corrosion Damage in Electrical Devices Understanding and Preventing Fretting Corrosion Damage in Electrical Devices


There are a number of measures that can be taken to mitigate the effects of fretting corrosion, which fall into two approaches: fretting...

What’s the Inside Scoop on Crevice Corrosion? What’s the Inside Scoop on Crevice Corrosion? What’s the Inside Scoop on Crevice Corrosion? What’s the Inside Scoop on Crevice Corrosion?


Crevice corrosion forms in crevices and faying surfaces between two joining metal surfaces. This article explains the factors that cause it...

The 8 Most Common Forms of Metal Corrosion The 8 Most Common Forms of Metal Corrosion The 8 Most Common Forms of Metal Corrosion The 8 Most Common Forms of Metal Corrosion


All corrosion is not equal. The type of corrosion is dependent mainly on the surrounding environment and the composition of the exposed...

Q&A by Krystal Nanan


What kind of tool can measure a polarization curve in coulombs per second? What kind of tool can measure a polarization curve in coulombs per second? What kind of tool can measure a polarization curve in coulombs per second? What kind of tool can measure a polarization curve in coulombs per second?


The tool used to measure a polarization current (1 amp = 1 coulomb per second) is called a potentiostat. A potentiostat is an essential...

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