Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

Last Updated: November 5, 2019

Definition - What does Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) mean?

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a chemical substance that is thermoplastic in nature with the chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) .

It is a type of plastic that is widely used in eco-friendly corrosion preventative applications because it is easily recycled and has a wide temperature operating range from −20°C to 80°C (−4°F to 176°F).

Corrosionpedia explains Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is formed via the polymerization and emulsion of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. It has the following properties that make it ideal for industrial environments with respect to corrosion, weathering and erosion:

  • High degree of rigidity
  • Good impact resistance at a wide range of temperatures
  • Good insulation, weldability and strain restraint
  • High degree of stability and strength

In addition, and perhaps most importantly, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymers are chemically nonreactive, making ABS resistant to aqueous acids, alkalis, alcohols and oils.

ABS plastics are used for mechanical, electrical and chemical applications.

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