Substance Modification

Parent Tag for articles related to substance modification.



Photograph of metal ball bearings on carbon fiber. Photograph of metal ball bearings on carbon fiber. Photograph of metal ball bearings on carbon fiber. Photograph of metal ball bearings on carbon fiber.


The use of carbon fiber-reinforced composites is growing thanks to their high strength and light weight. This material poses new challenges...

The Best Process for Distilling Waste Solvents The Best Process for Distilling Waste Solvents The Best Process for Distilling Waste Solvents The Best Process for Distilling Waste Solvents


Distilling and reusing solvents, instead of paying a company to haul it away and buying new solvents, makes more sense to the margins and...

Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals


Carburization and other case hardening methods are used to manufacture durable, low-cost low carbon steels and low alloy steels with...

An Introduction to Hydrogen Embrittlement An Introduction to Hydrogen Embrittlement An Introduction to Hydrogen Embrittlement An Introduction to Hydrogen Embrittlement


Hydrogen embrittlement is the result of the absorption of hydrogen by susceptible metals, resulting in the loss of ductility and reduction...