General Procedures


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The quenching of metals is used in the manufacture of various types of steel. The metallurgical processes involved in quenching can enhance...

An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices


Corrosion in welded joints is caused by a combination of manufacturing and metallurgical factors, including deficient weldment design, poor...

Further Tests to Determine a Proper Lining System for Process Vessels Further Tests to Determine a Proper Lining System for Process Vessels Further Tests to Determine a Proper Lining System for Process Vessels Further Tests to Determine a Proper Lining System for Process Vessels


Most process vessels in the oil and gas industry are constructed from carbon steel, which corrodes under the harsh chemical and high-heat...

Choosing a Fit-for-Service Lining System for Process Vessels Choosing a Fit-for-Service Lining System for Process Vessels Choosing a Fit-for-Service Lining System for Process Vessels Choosing a Fit-for-Service Lining System for Process Vessels


Most process vessels in the oil and gas industry are constructed from carbon steel, which corrodes under harsh chemical, heat and pressure...

Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications


Common disputes on coating application projects often originate in the coating specification. When the specification is unclear, it can...

6 Ways to Prevent Failure Analysis Frustration 6 Ways to Prevent Failure Analysis Frustration 6 Ways to Prevent Failure Analysis Frustration 6 Ways to Prevent Failure Analysis Frustration


This article discusses how to work with a metallurgical lab to increase the likelihood of getting the information needed to determine the...

Defining Client Objectives for Coatings Specification Defining Client Objectives for Coatings Specification Defining Client Objectives for Coatings Specification Defining Client Objectives for Coatings Specification


A protective coatings and engineering expert discusses the importance of defining client objectives in a design basis document early in the...

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Proper pre-planning and deciding what data to collect are essential to the efficacy and cost effectiveness of both baseline surveys and...

Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions


A new fast-cure, polymeric epoxy-based emergency repair composite provides excellent adhesion without intensive surface preparation, grit...