General Procedures


Important Facts You Might Not Know About Copper Patina Important Facts You Might Not Know About Copper Patina Important Facts You Might Not Know About Copper Patina Important Facts You Might Not Know About Copper Patina


A basic overview of the patina layer that forms during the atmospheric corrosion of copper and its alloys. How the patina forms and how to...

Quality Control: Protect Your Pipelines with Active Corrosion Protection Quality Control: Protect Your Pipelines with Active Corrosion Protection Quality Control: Protect Your Pipelines with Active Corrosion Protection Quality Control: Protect Your Pipelines with Active Corrosion Protection


Active corrosion protection is so named because the metal’s surface is allowed to come into contact with corrosive elements while...

Stress Concentration: Top 4 Tips to Reduce Stress Concentration in Machine Parts Stress Concentration: Top 4 Tips to Reduce Stress Concentration in Machine Parts Stress Concentration: Top 4 Tips to Reduce Stress Concentration in Machine Parts Stress Concentration: Top 4 Tips to Reduce Stress Concentration in Machine Parts


Stress concentration reduction in machine parts usually involves providing a smooth path for stress to flow through the component. This can...

A Look at Digital Radiography for Corrosion Inspection A Look at Digital Radiography for Corrosion Inspection A Look at Digital Radiography for Corrosion Inspection A Look at Digital Radiography for Corrosion Inspection


Digital radiography uses X-ray radiation and is faster, safer and more efficient than conventional film radiography, thus making it an...

Calculating Tensile Stress: Why It Needs to Be Done Now Calculating Tensile Stress: Why It Needs to Be Done Now Calculating Tensile Stress: Why It Needs to Be Done Now Calculating Tensile Stress: Why It Needs to Be Done Now


Calculating and measuring tensile stresses are vital in predicting the behavior of various types of materials. Designers and engineers...

Ice Pigging: The Benefits to Using This Icy Pipe Cleaning Method Ice Pigging: The Benefits to Using This Icy Pipe Cleaning Method Ice Pigging: The Benefits to Using This Icy Pipe Cleaning Method Ice Pigging: The Benefits to Using This Icy Pipe Cleaning Method


Benefits of ice pigging include reduced water use, shorter disruptions, less downtime, lower probability of pipe damage, and minimal...

Understanding the 3 Types of Tensile Strength Understanding the 3 Types of Tensile Strength Understanding the 3 Types of Tensile Strength Understanding the 3 Types of Tensile Strength


The three types of tensile strengths are yield, ultimate, and fracture strength. Each of these mechanical properties defines the various...

Ultrasonic Crack Inspection: How to Avoid Pipeline Failures Ultrasonic Crack Inspection: How to Avoid Pipeline Failures Ultrasonic Crack Inspection: How to Avoid Pipeline Failures Ultrasonic Crack Inspection: How to Avoid Pipeline Failures


Ultrasonic technology uses sound waves to detect cracks and other pipeline defects. The early identification of these cracks is essential...

QUIZ: Pipeline Crack Inspection (15 Questions to Test Your Knowledge) QUIZ: Pipeline Crack Inspection (15 Questions to Test Your Knowledge) QUIZ: Pipeline Crack Inspection (15 Questions to Test Your Knowledge) QUIZ: Pipeline Crack Inspection (15 Questions to Test Your Knowledge)


The integrity of pipeline networks is threatened by cracks and other defects generated during manufacturing, installation and operation of...

Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions Emergency In-Situ Repair Problems & Surface-Tolerant Solutions


A new fast-cure, polymeric epoxy-based emergency repair composite provides excellent adhesion without intensive surface preparation, grit...

An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices An Overview of Welded Joint Corrosion: Causes and Prevention Practices


Corrosion in welded joints is caused by a combination of manufacturing and metallurgical factors, including deficient weldment design, poor...

Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals Understanding Carburization: The Positive and Negative Impacts on Metals


Carburization and other case hardening methods are used to manufacture durable, low-cost low carbon steels and low alloy steels with...

The 3 Stages of Corrosion Failure Analysis The 3 Stages of Corrosion Failure Analysis The 3 Stages of Corrosion Failure Analysis The 3 Stages of Corrosion Failure Analysis


Failure analysis allows corrosion engineers to determine why a component or piece of equipment failed and how to prevent the same type of...

Decommissioning Your Cathodic Protection Well Decommissioning Your Cathodic Protection Well Decommissioning Your Cathodic Protection Well Decommissioning Your Cathodic Protection Well


Decommissioning a deep anode well or groundbed simply by removing the surface hardware and walking away is often no longer acceptable....

Why Concrete Delamination Occurs - and What to Do About It Why Concrete Delamination Occurs - and What to Do About It Why Concrete Delamination Occurs - and What to Do About It Why Concrete Delamination Occurs - and What to Do About It


Delamination in concrete slabs can be a serious problem. This article examines how to prevent them—and how to find and fix them when they...

How to Enhance Safety When Working With Volatile Organic Compounds How to Enhance Safety When Working With Volatile Organic Compounds How to Enhance Safety When Working With Volatile Organic Compounds How to Enhance Safety When Working With Volatile Organic Compounds


VOCs are emitted from coatings used in the corrosion protection industry. Several techniques are available that reduce the VOCs produced...

Writing Safety Into Your Coating Specification Writing Safety Into Your Coating Specification Writing Safety Into Your Coating Specification Writing Safety Into Your Coating Specification


Safety should be a primary consideration in any coating specification, because everyone involved in a coating project has the right to...

Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications Problems Caused by the Lack of Clarity & Definition in Coating Specifications


Common disputes on coating application projects often originate in the coating specification. When the specification is unclear, it can...

Coating Holidays & Pinholes: Chinks in the Armor Coating Holidays & Pinholes: Chinks in the Armor Coating Holidays & Pinholes: Chinks in the Armor Coating Holidays & Pinholes: Chinks in the Armor


Defects in a coating film can ultimately leave the metal substrate vulnerable to corrosion, thus negating the purpose of the protective...