Definition - What does Rabbit Ears mean?
Rabbit ears are the medium used to evaluate the histological and biomechanical properties of corrosive chemical burns. Rabbit ears are used as models to observe chemical burns and replicate how they may occur on human skin.
During experimentation, corrosive chemicals such as sulfuric acid are poured onto the peritoneal portion of the rabbit's ears. Through microscopic and macroscopic observation, the extent and progress of the corrosive burn injury is evaluated for a certain number of weeks.
Corrosionpedia explains Rabbit Ears
Some chemicals can cause severe injury due to exposure. Therefore, tests are performed to assess how much damage is possible when exposed to corrosive chemicals.
In the experiments, rabbit ears are utilized as a vascular and epidermal structure comparable to humans. According to the results of the studies, corrosive chemical burns from substances like sulfuric acid can result in necrosis in the epidermis and collagen degeneration as diffused vascular infiltration, which is characteristic of deep burns in the skin.
Compared to burns caused by heat, the damage of chemical burns to skin involves bigger, deeper and permanent damage which has the least possibility to heal. Corrosive burns can cause full-thickness injury to the dermis, which can be permanent, taking away the skin’s ability to heal. With the use of rabbit ears as a medium, the effects of corrosive chemicals on human skin can be evaluated.