Ferrous Metal

Published: | Updated: August 26, 2019

Definition - What does Ferrous Metal mean?

A ferrous metal is any metal that is primarily composed of iron and has magnetic properties in it. Some common ferrous metals include:

  • Alloy steel
  • Carbon steel
  • Cast iron
  • and wrought iron

These ferrous metals are easily recycled. Carbon steel is a common ferrous metal that is widely recycled and reused.

Corrosionpedia explains Ferrous Metal

A ferrous metal is known for its hardness, durability and tensile strength. Ferrous metal is widely used in almost all industries such as the manufacture of shipping containers, industrial piping, automobiles, railroad tracks, and many commercial and domestic tools.

Ferrous metals are highly vulnerable to rusting and corrosion when exposed to moisture or an acidic or corrosive environment due to the high content of carbon molecules. However, this is not true with wrought iron; it resists rust due to its purity. Stainless steel is protected from rust by the presence of chromium.

Most ferrous metals have good magnetic properties and are considered to be good conductors of electricity. This property makes them suitable for electronics.

Commonly used ferrous metals are:

  • Steel
  • Carbon steel
  • Alloy steel
  • Cast iron
  • Wrought iron

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