Ferrous Metal

Definition - What does Ferrous Metal mean?

Ferrous metals are those metals that are primarily composed of iron and have magnetic properties in them. Some common ferrous metals include alloy steel, carbon steel, cast iron and wrought iron. These metals are easily recycled. Carbon steel is a common ferrous metal that is widely recycled and reused.

Corrosionpedia explains Ferrous Metal

Ferrous metals are known for their hardness, durability and tensile strength. Ferrous metals are widely used in almost all industries such as the manufacture of shipping containers, industrial piping, automobiles, railroad tracks, and many commercial and domestic tools.

Ferrous metals are highly vulnerable to rusting and corrosion when exposed to moisture or an acidic or corrosive environment due to the high content of carbon molecules. However, this is not true with wrought iron; it resists rust due to its purity. Stainless steel is protected from rust by the presence of chromium.

Most ferrous metals have good magnetic properties and are considered to be good conductors of electricity. This property makes them suitable for electronics.

Commonly used ferrous metals are:

  • Steel
  • Carbon steel
  • Alloy steel
  • Cast iron
  • Wrought iron
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