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Technical Data Sheet (TDS)

Reviewed by Raghvendra GopalCheckmark
Last updated: December 15, 2023

What Does Technical Data Sheet (TDS) Mean?

A technical data sheet (TDS) is a document provided with a product that lists various pieces of information about the product. Oftentimes, technical data sheets include product composition, methods of use, operating requirements, common applications, warnings and pictures of the product.

A technical data sheet may also be known as a product data sheet.

Technical data sheets are instruments for the effective and seamless transmission of technical or safety-related information about one or more specified substances and mixtures usually created by the company producing them.

TDSs convey necessary data and handling recommendations for the end users. They serve as a way to relay relevant information that can be useful in health protection, safety in the workplace and environmental protection. TDSs also include information on product performance, materials used in its making, intended handling, suggested applications and installation and maintenance advice.

The availability of this technical data is important for trade. Different countries specify requirements for technical data and samples for analysis to determine the product’s quality and whether it complies with regulations.


Corrosionpedia Explains Technical Data Sheet (TDS)

A technical data sheet (TDS) has uses in both information conveyance and advertising. From an informational standpoint, a TDS has useful tips about the product, such as how to use it, what it’s made of, things to be wary of and its official name and industry standard specifications. From a marketing standpoint, it may contain pictures and colorful illustrations, as well as, entire sections describing the benefits that the product will deliver to the end user.

A TDS is not to be confused with a material safety data sheet (MSDS). The goal of the MSDS is to specifically inform the end user of any dangers that the product may present. This is not the goal of the TDS, although it may include several safety considerations. Furthermore, material safety data sheets must follow a set template guided by an industry standard, whereas a technical data sheet can be presented at the discretion of the product manufacturer and contain whatever information they deem suitable. Many countries mandate that a material or product have a MSDS; most do not require a TDS.

TDSs summarize the performance and other characteristics of a product, component or material in sufficient detail that allows the buyer to understand what the product is. It typically begins with an introductory page that describes the rest of the document.

Depending on the specified purpose, a datasheet may offer an average value, a typical value, a typical range or engineering tolerances. The type and source of data can usually be found on the datasheet.

There are nine steps for developing a TDS :

  1. Identify the origin of the substance.
  2. Indicate the availability.
  3. Describe the processing methods for the ingredients.
  4. List all classifications which are relevant for the product.
  5. Provide a physical analysis and a chemical analysis.
  6. State compliance along with international standards.
  7. Indicate storage conditions for the product.
  8. Identify potential applications.
  9. List the related certificates.


Product Data Sheet

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