Products of Combustion

Definition - What does Products of Combustion mean?

Products of combustion are the end product when fuels, such as hydrocarbons, remain after the process of combustion. Thus, these are released and scattered into the atmosphere.

Combustion is referred to as an exothermic reaction involving an oxidant and a fuel along with heat production. Transformation of the chemical species is involved in this type of reaction.

Corrosionpedia explains Products of Combustion

There are many types of products of combustion present in the environment, including:

  • Carbon dioxide - This is organic matter composed of carbon. It is hazardous to living organisms because it can cause suffocation.

  • Hydrogen chloride - This is produced when burning materials that contain chlorine, such as PVC. It is corrosive to skin, membranes and air passages as well as non-organic material, such as buildings, machine parts and equipment.

  • Carbon monoxide - This is generated from combustion without oxygen. This gas is highly toxic and prevents oxygen uptake. It can cause unconsciousness and even death in only a few seconds.

  • Nitrogen oxide - This is produced through incineration of materials that contain nitrogen, like chipboard. It is both toxic and corrosive.

The products of combustion are dangerous to both living and non-living matter. Thus, efficient combustion management should be implemented. One method is to observe proper heating processes, which can help recover a large amount of the combustion products from the material being processed. Using adequate oxygen can also help, since proper oxygen amounts can promote off-gas combustibles and gas measurement as well as active control of fuel and air flow.

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