Sulfuric Acid

Definition - What does Sulfuric Acid mean?

Sulfuric acid is an acid composed of hydrogen, oxygen and sulfur with the molecular formula H2SO4. Sulfuric acid is colorless and has an oily texture. It can be hazardous to humans, and can damage organic material and also promote oxidation in metals.

Corrosionpedia explains Sulfuric Acid

Sulfuric acid is a potentially dangerous acid. However, in the right proportions and in conjunction with other substances, it can also be an essential ingredient for several products. One of the most common applications for sulfuric acid is in batteries. Sulfuric acid is sometimes used to die nylon, wool and silk. When used as an ingredient in fertilizer, sulfuric acid can help promote growth. Sulfuric acid is also frequently used in the steel manufacturing industry.

Some characteristics of sulfuric acid:

  • Molecular weight: 98.078 g/mol
  • Specific gravity: Varies depending on temperature and concentration
  • Boiling point: 330°C (626°F)
  • Freezing pint: 10°C (50°F)
  • Density: 2 g/cm3
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