Definition - What does Mineral Acid mean?
Mineral acid refers to any chemical compound originating from a reaction between an inorganic compound and its dissociation to produce hydrogen ions (H+) in water. Mineral acids are highly corrosive and used in the formation of electrolytic cells.
Corrosionpedia explains Mineral Acid
Some examples of mineral acids are hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid and nitric acid. Such acids are used primarily as key components of electrolytic cell formation. These are cells that have undergone a reduction-oxidation reaction with the application of electrical energy.
Electrolytic cells work within the chemical system by pushing currents through the molecules. The process of electrolysis serves as the driving force of the redox reaction toward a direction that will not happen at the same time. For example, unprotected iron can undergo rusting with water and air due to the electrochemical process. However, steel rods can be protected from the same process by using magnesium rods to offer cathodic protection against corrosion.