Definition - What does Cryogenic Piping mean?
Cryogenic piping refers to systems that are used in a wide range of industrial applications that require extremely low temperatures, generally around -300°F (150°C) or lower. Due to such low temperatures, cryogenic pipes face unique corrosion and deterioration challenges.
Cyrogenic piping is also referred to as cold piping.
Corrosionpedia explains Cryogenic Piping
Cryogenic piping systems are used in industrial applications including the following:
- Liquid natural gas (LNG) transportation
- Regasification processing
- Chemicals/petrochemicals manufacturing
- Food and beverage processing
The industrial context in which cryogenic piping is typically used often involves water vapor in its processes. This moisture permeates insulation and then condenses, which significantly increases the likelihood of corrosion in the lines. Additionally, this can cause a build-up of water and/or ice, and lowered performance. Due to the compromised insulation, thermal efficiency is lost and energy consumption increases. Higher energy consumption may be avoided by using adequate insulating materials.