Pentane

Definition - What does Pentane mean?

Pentane is an organic compound that falls in the category of an alkane and consists of five carbon atoms that are linked together with a single bond in between and having the chemical formula C5H12. Pentane is present in three structural isomers:

  • n-pentane isomer
  • isopentane, also known as methylbutane
  • neopentane, also known as dimethylpropane

Corrosionpedia explains Pentane

The properties of pentanes are very similar to hexanes and butanes; consequently they are used as components of some type of fuels and as a solvent. They are primarily used as a working medium in geothermal power stations and in some blended refrigerants because pentanes are safe to use, have a relatively lower cost than other alternatives and their boiling point is low. Pentanes are also used to manufacture pesticides.

Some properties of pentane:

  • Molar mass: 72.15 gram/mol
  • A colorless appearance with a gasoline-like odor
  • Density: 0.626 gram/milliliter
  • Melting point: -130.5°C to -129°C (-203°F to 264°F)
  • Boiling point: 35.9°C to 36.3°C (96.6°F to 97.3°F)
  • Viscosity: 0.24 cP at 20°C (68°F)
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