Definition - What does Pentane mean?
Pentane is an organic compound that falls in the category of an alkane and consists of five carbon atoms that are linked together with a single bond in between and having the chemical formula C5H12. Pentane is present in three structural isomers:
- n-pentane isomer
- isopentane, also known as methylbutane
- neopentane, also known as dimethylpropane
Corrosionpedia explains Pentane
The properties of pentanes are very similar to hexanes and butanes; consequently they are used as components of some type of fuels and as a solvent. They are primarily used as a working medium in geothermal power stations and in some blended refrigerants because pentanes are safe to use, have a relatively lower cost than other alternatives and their boiling point is low. Pentanes are also used to manufacture pesticides.
Some properties of pentane:
- Molar mass: 72.15 gram/mol
- A colorless appearance with a gasoline-like odor
- Density: 0.626 gram/milliliter
- Melting point: -130.5°C to -129°C (-203°F to 264°F)
- Boiling point: 35.9°C to 36.3°C (96.6°F to 97.3°F)
- Viscosity: 0.24 cP at 20°C (68°F)