Cyclopentane

Definition - What does Cyclopentane mean?

Cyclopentane is formed from pentane and is an alicyclic hydrocarbon compound that falls in the category of an alkane. Cyclopentane consists of five carbon atoms linked together with a single bond in between, with the chemical formula C5H10. Here, two hydrogen atoms are attached to each carbon atom. Pentane is present in three structural isomers:

  • n-pentane isomer
  • isopentane, also known as methylbutane
  • neopentane, also known as dimethylpropane

Corrosionpedia explains Cyclopentane

Cyclopentanes are in the class of cycloalkanes, which are used to manufacture synthetic rubber, resins, rubber adhesives, and is also used as a blowing agent for polyurethane insulating foam. Cyclopentanes have the properties of pentanes and are very similar to hexanes and butanes; consequently they are used as components for some types of fuels and as a solvent. Cyclopentanes are also used to manufacture pesticides.

Some properties of cyclopentane:

  • Molar mass: 70.01 gram/mol
  • A colorless liquid with a mild sweet odor
  • Density: 0.751 gram per cubic centimeter
  • Melting point: -93.9°C (-137.0°F)
  • Boiling point: 49.2°C (120.5°F)
  • Soluble in acetone, ethanol and ether
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