Definition - What does Acetylene mean?

Acetylene is one of the most common and simplest hydrocarbon members that contains one or several carbon atom pairs connected through triple bonds referred to as alkynes or acetylenic series.

It is non-flammable, colorless and is a widely utilized fuel in metal cutting and oxyacetylene welding. It is also used as a raw material in organic chemical synthesis such as in plastics.

Acetylene is also known as ethyne.

Corrosionpedia explains Acetylene

Acetylene in its pure form is colorless and has a pleasant odor. When formed from other compounds such as calcium carbide, it can contain phosphine traces that make it produce an odor similar to garlic. It can be decomposed with heat liberation, and this mechanism can lead to an explosion, depending on the circumstances.

Although it has many roles, acetylene is now recognized for its potential to inhibit top-line corrosion that usually takes place in gas pipelines. With its high volatility, it can be injected as a corrosion inhibitor. It is known to withstand factors such as low pH, high pressure and temperature as it can establish a strong attraction between the pipe material and inhibitor molecule which promotes corrosion prevention.

With the discovery of acetylene's usefulness in corrosion prevention, pipeline industries are now finding the efficient and cost-effective solutions to maintain their operations and prevent the occurrence of corrosion in the field through the implementation of corrosion prevention techniques using acetylene.

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