Definition - What does Hydrocarbon Solvent mean?
Hydrocarbon solvents are compounds that are non-aromatic or aliphatic. Hydrocarbon solvents have no benzene ring structure in their chemical composition. They are simply mixtures of saturated, long straight chains (normal paraffins), branched chains (e.g., isoparaffin) or cyclic paraffins.
Hydrocarbon solvents are produced during the crude distillation processes in an oil refinery when the proper boiling point range fraction is reached, after which they are treated to improve their odor and color.
Hydrocarbon solvents are also known as aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents or aliphatic solvents.
Corrosionpedia explains Hydrocarbon Solvent
The hydrocarbons of the alkane, alkene and alkyne series are aliphatic compounds and contain aromatic structural rings. Apart from being used as diluents or solvents in paints and paint thinners, these solvents are often utilized for rubber manufacturing, degreasing and oil extraction, and as carriers for disinfectants and aerosols.
Some examples of hydrocarbons that are aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents are gasoline and kerosene. Frequently used aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents for coatings and paints are heptanes, hexanes and mineral spirits. These compounds are also used as corrosion inhibitors.
Some examples of hydrocarbon solvents are benzene, kerosene and xylene. The primary use for these hydrocarbon solvents are for cleaning or dissolving water-insoluble substances such as grease and oil spills.