Acetonitrile

Definition - What does Acetonitrile mean?

Acetonitrile refers to a chemical substance that is a colorless liquid with the chemical formula CH3CN. It is acidic in nature and used primarily in organic synthesis as a solvent. Practical applications include the prevention of corrosion on metallic parts when used as a cleaning agent.

Corrosionpedia explains Acetonitrile

Acetonitrile is an aliphatic nitrile and transparent to UV-visible light. This allows acetonitrile to be useful for spectrophotometric monitoring techniques. It also has a low viscosity, high elution strength and miscibility in water.

Some properties of acetonitrile:

  • Molecular weight: 41.05 g/mol
  • Exact mass: 41.026549 g/mol
  • Monoisotopic mass: 41.026549 g/mol
  • Compound Is Canonicalized: Yes
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